The Intercession Of The Blessed Virgin
From the former Squalid houses, replaced by the Pokrovsky monastery, we will move on to the holiday in memory of the miraculous appearance of the mother of God St. Andrew Christ for the sake of the Holy fool and his disciple St. Epiphany in the Constantinople Church of Blachernae 911. Not alien to the purpose of the description of the intercession monastery we believe to say a few words about the image of the divine vision, the former St. Andrew Christ for the sake of the fool, the origin of the Slavs, the establishment of the feast of the Intercession in Russia and the ancient churches built in memory of this miracle.
From the former Squalid houses, replaced by the Pokrovsky monastery, we will move on to the very holiday in memory of the miraculous appearance of the mother of God St. Andrew Christ for the sake of the fool and his disciple St. Epiphany in the Constantinople Church of Blachernae 911. Not alien to the purpose of the description of the intercession monastery we believe to say a few words about the image of the divine vision, the former St. Andrew Christ for the sake of the fool, the origin of the Slavs, the establishment of the feast of the Intercession in Russia and the ancient churches built in memory of this miracle.
the Phenomenon is, according to oral tradition, personified in the icons; his images of Greek is unknown to us; note only local their difference in Russian. So on the icon of Novgorod's letter, XIV century, three spans, stored in the world chamber of the Synodal house in Moscow depicts the mother of God with his hands raised in prayer to bless Her Savior;
she stands on a cloud above the king's doors; above her two angels hold an open cover, or omophorion. Behind the right pillar of the temple there are three Saints in chair vestments at the throne, behind the left two angels. In the underside row of the icon on the one hand the face of the Saints in the presence of John the Baptist, on the other also the face of the Saints with St. Andrew, Christ for the sake of the fool, who casts his vision of St. Epiphany; among them the deacon with a book in his hand. On the roof of the Church of St. Demetrius of Solun, St. Cosma and Damian. A similar image is found between Novgorod icons of the XVI century. But later wrote in the Moscow of the icon, by the way and temple at the Pokrovsky monastery, razlicitog from ancient Novgorod with its content. The mother of God, surrounded by the face of the Saints, herself overshadows with her cover the upcoming in the temple, where there is king Leo the wise and Queen Zoe, the Patriarch Tarasius acts, and on the pulpit is the deacon Roman sladkopevets, holding in his hand a Charter with a kondak: «virgin of the day is to be in the Church» and so forth, which resembles a song once sung by him on the feast of the Nativity. Apparently, the sweet-blooded man, remembered by The Russian Church on the day of the Intercession, belongs to the face of the gods, because he lived for five centuries before this vision. In addition to the Saints, the laity who listened to the all-night vigil in the Vlaherna Church, where the mother of God appeared in this form, are depicted. To the question in the head: "should I write on the icon of the Intercession of the Mother of God in the underclothes of kings, princes, Saints and people?» was followed by the answer that, «according to the testimony of the notorious painters of Greek and Russian, on the icons of the Intercession of the Mother of God, praying for the whole world, is written uncountable set of people». But on the ancient Novgorod icon, as we have noticed, only the Saints are depicted, only one phenomenon, as it is likely, was originally written, and in the later icons the phenomenon is connected with the event. So different image of the miraculous appearance of the virgin in different times and in different places.
Well for the Holiday, although the beginning of it and must assume in Constantinople; but there he during the troubles of the Greek Empire has not received full Church service and this was not included in the Greek Menology and service him in the holiday of the saints is not, as can be seen from the Greek kodakara of the XIII century, and the latest Mesyatseslov. Lost Konstantinopolsky the Church filled ours domestic, which assimilated this feast in memory of the patronage of the Mother of God, put him with the all-Russian palielini. The words in the festive Canon (on 1 verse 8 of the song) lead to the probable conclusion that the Greek metropolitans resumed this holiday in Russia, by its origin, Greek-Slavic. “pray For us”, they say ‘Cover your holiday in the Russian lands of the earth proslavilsya”. The prologue also refers to one of the ancient metropolitans of our institution in Russia: “Behold, then, thou the hear (about the appearance of the virgin in Blachernae Church of St. Andrew with St. Epiphanius), pomyslec, kako terrible and merciful vision and beyond nadeane and intercession of our, there was no festival, washtech, but not without a holiday will remain the Holy Intercession of Thy Preblagaya.» on this basis and believe that such a holiday is resumed and established in the Russian Church. He put the 1st October in the Everyday life of the XIII century; in Milyutinskaya minee called the new.
with the establishment of this spiritual celebration in Kiev, churches were built in other Russian cities in memory of the Intercession of the Mother of God.
Meanwhile, as in Moscow before the XV-th century were still unknown churches in honor of this holiday, Vladimir in XII, Suzdal in XIII, Novgorod, Pskov and Tver in the XIV century already prayed in churches dedicated to this wonderful phenomenon of the virgin. In the annals under the year 1479 in Moscow, the Grand Pokrovsky monastery near the Tsar's court at Nikola Podkopay, in old garden, where John III moved the Church from Zlatoustova monastery. The first in Moscow Pokrovsky monastery, destroyed by fire, left no traces either in the area or in history. The conquest of Kazan by Tsar John Vasilyevich in 1552 on the feast of the Intercession of the Mother of God, marked by the construction of the intercession Cathedral in Kitai-Gorod, and the reflection of Moscow Vladislav in 1618 – construction of a sleepy first Cathedral in the suburban village of Rubtsov, renamed the Church of intercession. From the churches erected in Moscow in glory of the Intercession of the Mother of God, given to some streets the nickname Pokrovsky. So the street in Kitai-Gorod, the current Barbaric, in the XVII century, called the great Intercession, the Church of the Intercession of the Mother of God, also the chapel, St. George, that on the Pskov mountain, extended to the intercession Cathedral; in the white city of Pokrovskaya, inclusive with Maloroseykoyu, named from the Church of the same name, which stood at the head of the street: the throne of her moved to the nearest Church of the Savior, that on the Clay.